National Treasury amended legislation governing share buy-backs and dividend stripping in 2017 and again in 2018. The specific anti-avoidance provisions can be found in s22B of the Income Tax Act, No 58 of 1962 (IT Act), which takes aim at shares held as trading stock, and paragraph 43A to the Eight Schedule to the IT Act, which applies if the shares are held on capital account.
If the exempt dividends qualify as extraordinary dividends these extraordinary dividends are reclassified as income subject to income tax at a rate of 28% or proceeds resulting in a capital gain subject to income tax at an effective rate of 22.4%.
These specific anti-avoidance provisions only find application if the corporates dispose of the shares in respect of which the extraordinary dividends are received within a period of 18 months of receiving such dividends.
It appears that taxpayers have identified the disposal requirement as a structuring opportunity and devised schemes in terms of which the shares are retained for at least 18 months before the shares are disposed for a nominal consideration.
The structures therefore comprise of a company declaring a substantial dividend, presumably equal to the value of the ordinary shares, followed by a share subscription in terms of which a new investor subscribes for shares in the company. At the time of the subscription the company will have a nominal equity value which enables the new investor to acquire essentially 99.99% of the ordinary shares in issue through the subscription transaction while diluting the exiting shareholder. The exiting shareholder will retain its 0.01% interest for at least 18 months before disposing the shares for a nominal consideration.
These types of abusive schemes have come to the attention of National Treasury and it is proposed that the share buy-backs and dividend stripping rules are amended with effect from 20February 2019.
The Minister did not provide any guidance on the nature of the amendments, but taxpayers should expect a complicated provision that might have several unintended consequences.
Special Edition Budget Speech Alert 2019