David who? SA has new finance minister

Cape Town – If the appointment of South Africaís new finance minister has alarmed investors, it may be because theyíve never heard of him.

The rand plunged late on Wednesday after President Jacob Zuma announced that ruling party lawmaker David van Rooyen will replace Nhlanhla Nene, who held the post for less than two years. The currency fell as much as 5.4 percent against the dollar, hitting a record low of 15.3857.

ďI know nothing about the new man,Ē George Herman, head of South African investments at Cape Town-based Citadel Investment Services, said by phone. ďIíve never heard of him or dealt with him before. The markets are not going to like this.Ē

Neneís efforts often frustrated

While Nene sought to contain spending, his efforts were often frustrated because Zumaís administration had other higher priorities. The outgoing finance chief clashed with some government colleagues over pay increases for workers, proposals to build a nuclear power industry and plans to expand the state carrier, South African Airways.

ďIn my view, Nene was clearly axed because he failed to do Zumaís bidding when it came to managing SAA and funding for proposed new nuclear plants,Ē said Peter Attard Montalto, an economist at Nomura International, from London. Van Rooyen is ďa pure political appointmentĒ

ďWe are worried about the fact he has no central or provincial government experience.Ē

Zuma gave no explanation for removing Nene, saying only that he had ďdone well since his appointment as minister of finance during a difficult economic climateĒ and will be moved to another key role.

No reason

ďThereís no reason to remove Nene, thereís no reason to appoint this person,Ē Nazmeera Moola, economist and strategist at Investec Asset Management in Cape Town, said by phone. ďIt will create uncertainty in the market, so itís clearly negative.Ē

South Africaís economy is already struggling, as the price of gold and other key exports plunges. On December 4, Fitch Ratings downgraded the countryís credit rating to BBB-, one level above investment grade, while Standard and Poorís cut the outlook on its equivalent rating to negative, bringing the nation a step closer to junk status.

Financial background

Van Rooyen, known as Des by his colleagues, is a former mayor of Merafong municipality in the central Gauteng province who now serves on parliamentís finance committee and the African National Congressís economic transformation group. He didnít answer calls to his mobile phone.

He became involved in politics in the 1980s and joined the armed wing of the ANC during its struggle against white minority rule. Van Rooyen held several leadership positions in the party after it took power in the first all-race elections in 1994, according to the website of the Peopleís Assembly, a group that monitors parliament. His qualifications include a masterís degree in public development and management and another in finance from the University of London, the website said.

Van Rooyen has routinely delivered politically charged speeches and never addressed pressing economic issues, such as fiscal consolidation, according to David Ross, a lawmaker with the main opposition Democratic Alliance.

ďI have known him since 2009,Ē Ross said by phone. ďI believe he will be all lost at sea in this new post.Ē

The ANC said in an email statement on Thursday that Van Rooyen had the necessary experience to lead the finance ministry.

* With assistance from Amogelang Mbatha and Paul Vecchiatto

BLOOMBERG