Preference share funding and the potential application of paragraph 43A of the Eighth Schedule of the Income Tax Act

Authors: Ludwig Smith and Julia Kaplan. In a preference share funding transaction, the funder subscribes for preference shares in the share capital of a company. In contrast to a loan where interest on a debt facility is taxable in the hands of the lender, the dividends received by the holder of the preference shares are generally exempt from income tax. This tax benefit is, in turn, advantageous to the company as the funder can charge the company a lower funding rate than would otherwise have been charged had the funding been advanced in the form of a loan.

Employee share schemes: Tax deductibility of employer contributions

Ben Strauss (Director at Cliffe Dekker Hofmeyr). Many employee share incentive schemes work as follows: The employer company forms a scheme trust. The company pays a non-refundable cash contribution (or grant) to the trust (instead of, say, lending cash to the trust). The trust uses the cash to buy, or subscribe for, shares in the employer company or another related company. Eligible employees are given the opportunity to participate in the scheme by, say, acquiring units in the trust, subject to the employees continuing to comply with certain conditions over a number of years.

Hybrid Equity Instruments: Redemption versus repurchase

Author: Leani Nortje, a Senior Associate at Webber Wentzel. Section 8E of the Income Tax Act, 1962 (the Act) applies to inter alia deem a share to be a hybrid equity instrument if certain requirements are met, with the result that otherwise exempt dividends paid in respect of that share are deemed to be fully taxable income.   One of the requirements that must be met for purposes of section 8E to apply is that the issuer of the share must be obliged to redeem the share in whole or in part, or the share may at the option of the holder be redeemed in whole or in part, within three years from the date of issue of the share. Section 8E therefore requires a “redemption” of the relevant shares.

Major new tax burden introduced

Author: David Warneke (Partner and head of Tax Technical at BDO South Africa). The Taxation Laws Amendment Act of 2017 (Act 17 of 2017) which was promulgated on 18 December 2017 contains provisions, namely section 22B of the principal Income Tax Act and paragraph 43A of the Eighth Schedule to the Income Tax Act, that will result in a significant compliance burden for companies, even in cases in which they do not result in additional taxation. The provisions deal with disposals of shares in a company (say A) that are held by another company (say B) in circumstances in which B held a significant portion of the equity shares (which the Amendment Act defines as a qualifying interest) in A at any time within the 18 months preceding the disposal. Section 22B applies in situations in which the shares that are the subject of the provision are held as trading Read More …

Consecutive asset-for-share transactions

Author: Ben Strauss (Director at Cliffe Dekker Hofmeyr). Section 42 of the Income Tax Act, No 58 of 1962 (Act) allows taxpayers to transfer assets to a company free of immediate tax consequences, provided certain requirements are met; there is a roll-over for tax purposes. However, certain anti-avoidance provisions may be triggered if the company that acquired the assets, disposes of the assets within 18 months of acquisition.

The death of share buy-backs?

Author: Emil Brincker (National Practice Head at Cliffe Dekker Hofmeyr). Share buy-backs have become very popular over the last few years in circumstances where a taxpayer intended to dispose of his shareholding in a company. Share buy-backs have become very popular over the last few years in circumstances where a taxpayer intended to dispose of his shareholding in a company. This was especially the case to the extent that the seller is also a company. The reason is that, should one consider the definition of a dividend in s1 of the Income Tax Act, No 58 of 1962 (Act), the proceeds from a share buy-back will be deemed to be a dividend to the extent that it is not funded out of so-called share capital or contributed tax capital (CTC). To the extent that the seller is a company, such dividend would also not be subject to dividends tax at Read More …

Ruling on unitised incentive scheme does not provide much clarity

An employee incentive scheme that is commonly used works as follows: A company forms a trust. The company funds the trust, and the trust then uses the funds to buy shares in the company. The employees of the company are given units in the trust, usually free of charge. The units entitle the employees to receive distributions from the trust on the underlying shares. The employees forfeit their units in certain circumstances and may generally not dispose of their units. The trust may “repurchase” the units from the employees in certain circumstances.

The donations tax consequences of a transaction to introduce a BEE shareholder into a group

On 19 October 2016, the South African Revenue Services (SARS) issued a binding private ruling (BPR 253) which deals with the donations tax consequences in respect of a transaction which has the effect of introducing a Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) shareholder into a group of companies in order to benefit all the entities within the group in respect of their BEE scorecard ratings and increase the profitability of the Applicant (X), a South African resident company.

Beware of tax on dividend stripping and manipulation of dividend rights

Author: Ben Strauss. Dividends paid by local companies are generally exempt from income tax in the hands of shareholders and, in certain cases, are either exempt from dividends tax or subject to a reduced rate of dividends tax. Taxpayers may be tempted to enter into transactions where they either do “dividend stripping”, or manipulate the right to receive dividends to avoid income tax, capital gains tax (CGT) or dividends tax.