Author: Elsabe Strydom and Richard Wilkinson 9tax Associates at ENSafrica). Now that the final regulations relating to country-by-country reporting standards (the CbC Regulations) have been published by the South African Minister of Finance on 23 December 2016, it is important to take stock and consider the CbC Regulations in the context of various other South African developments regarding the implementation of the recommendations contained in the final Action 13 report issued by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) on transfer pricing documentation. Accordingly, we have summarised below the current status of the master file/local file returns that also form part of the OECDs Action 13 report, the Final Notice on Transfer Pricing Record Keeping Requirements, issued by the South African Revenue Service (SARS), as well as the transfer pricing disclosure requirements in the corporate income tax return (ITR14).
The European migrant crisis has reached catastrophic proportions. In 2015 more than a million migrants and refugees from Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq and other Asian and African countries fled from war and conflict, to Europe. The European Union (EU) is struggling to cope with the influx, which has caused schisms in the EU over how best to deal with resettlement of these displaced persons. Some European jurisdictions have been willing to accept asylum seekers while others have responded by increasing funding for border patrol operations in the Mediterranean and re-introducing border controls within the Schengen Area.
In October 2015, the OECD BEPS Action 4 Report on Limiting Base Erosion Involving Interest Deductions and Other Financial Payments (Report) was released setting out a common approach to address BEPS involving interest and payments economically equivalent to interest. The Report included a ‘fixed ratio rule’ which limits an entity’s net interest deductions to a set percentage of its tax earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation (tax EBITDA) and a ‘group ratio rule’ which permits an entity to claim higher net interest deductions, based on the financial ratio of its worldwide group.
On 22 August 2016 the OECD released Public Discussion Draft: BEPS Action 2 – Branch Mismatch Structures (Discussion Draft), which identifies and analyses mismatches that may arise through the use of branch structures. The Discussion Draft sets out preliminary recommendations for domestic rules, based on those proposed in the OECD’s Final Report on BEPS Action 2 – Neutralising the Effects of Hybrid Mismatch Arrangements (2015 Final Hybrids Report), which will hopefully neutralise the mismatches in tax outcomes arising from the exploitation of branch structures. To contextualise the Discussion Draft, it is necessary to summarise briefly the BEPS risks that BEPS Action 2 seeks to address.
Author: Elsabe Strydom (ENSafrica). The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (“OECD”)/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (“BEPS”) Project identified 15 actions based on the following three key themes, being: the introduction of coherence in the domestic rules that affect cross-border activities; the reinforcement of substance requirements in the existing international standards; and the improvement of transparency and certainty. In particular, the final BEPS package, released on 5 October 2015, represents a substantial overhaul of the international tax rules and once the measures become applicable, it is expected that profits will need to be reported where the economic activities that generate them are carried out and where value is created.
In terms of the South African controlled foreign company (“CFC“) legislation contained in section 9D of the Income Tax Act, 58 of 1962 (the “Act“), where South African residents directly or indirectly hold more than 50% of the total participation rights (essentially, the right to participate in the benefits of the rights attaching to a share) in a foreign company, a proportional amount of the “net income” of that foreign company (as a CFC) will be included in the income of those residents. In determining the “net income” of the CFC, section 9D(9)(b) of the Act exempts, inter alia, any amount which is attributable to any foreign business establishment (“FBE”) of that CFC.
Author: Magda Snyckers (Tax Director at ENSafrica). Is the current international tax focus on base erosion and profit shifting (“BEPS”) relevant for tax-exempt pension funds? In particular, should the trustees and/or administrators of pension funds take note of the finalisation by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (“OECD”) of the 15 point action plan to address BEPS?
As all multinational groups of companies should be aware transfer pricing is a significant tax issue when operating cross border in multiple tax jurisdictions. Transfer pricing legislation exists in most established tax regimes and is becoming more and more prevalent in countries previously considered less tax sophisticated. In the context of South Africa, transfer pricing legislation has been present in the Income Tax Act, 1962 (the Act) for a number of years and was significantly revised in 2012 to better align with the Transfer Pricing Guidelines issued by The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
Author: Arnaaz Camay (Tax Executive at ENSAfrica). The South African Revenue Service (“SARS”) is, in accordance with section 3(2)(j) of the Tax Administration Act, 28 of 2011 (the “TAA”), responsible for giving effect to the Country-by-Country Reporting Standard for Multinational Enterprises (the “CbC Reporting Standard”) which was developed under the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s (“OECD’s“) base erosion and profit shifting (“BEPS”) Action Plan 13 – “Re-examine Transfer Pricing Documentation”. The OECD’s recommendation under Action Plan 13 was that all countries should adopt a standardised approach to transfer pricing documentation which follows a three-tiered structure consisting of a master file, a local file, and country-by-country (“CbC”) report.
The Tax Treaty (and Protocol) between Hong Kong and South Africa has been ratified by both countries with the date of entry into force from 20 October 2015. In South Africa, it was published in the Government Gazette No. 39444 on 24 November 2015. The provisions of the treaty will apply in Hong Kong for years of assessment beginning on or after 1 April 2016. In South Africa, it applies from 1 January 2016 for amounts held at source, and for years of assessment beginning on or after 1 April 2016 in respect of other taxes. In general, the treaty follows the OECD Model Tax Convention. We highlight below some of the departures from the Model and other notable clauses.